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LEMON BALM

Melissa officinalis

Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) is perennial herb plant from the family Labiates, that grows in South Europe and Mediterranean. Known from the long past as valuable essential oil and healing plant and has wide geographical range.

Good climate and fertility, rich of humus soil, makes easier growing and cultivating of lemon balm, which is a good reason our country to be the second exporter in Europe of a high quality healing herb.

SPECIFICATION

Domain

Domain

Division

Magnoliophyta angiosperm

Class

Magnoliopsida dicotyledonous

Section

Lamiales

Family

Lamiaceae

Genus

Melissa

Species

M. Officinalis

Sientific name

Melissa officinalis

COMPOSITION OF LEMON BALM

Stem

Plant stem is four edged and branched. It is covered with glandular hairs. It reaches height from 30-80 to 70-150 сm.It has a well developed rootstock.

Leaves

The leaves are in the shape of an egg, serrated, located opposite the twigs.The upper surface is colored in dark green and is flat and bellow they have hairs and is light green.

Blossoms

Blossoms are collected in fake annelid inflorescence, a number from 3 till 10, placed in the bosom of upper leaves of the twig. They can be colored in light yellow, white or pink.

Fruit

Fruit consists of four one semen, egg shaped walnuts, colored in light brown.

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF LEMON BALM

The leaves of the
herb contain:

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Essential oil - (0,05- 0,33%) with content citral, citronellal, linalool, geraniol and aldehyde;

»

Tannins substances- 4-5%;

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enzyme;

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Bitter substances;

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aldehyde;

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caffeic acid;

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oleic acid;

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ursolic acid;

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Mucous substances;

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Vitamin C;

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linalyl acetate;

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caryophyllene;

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Triterpene acids ans so on.

... more for the
herb content:

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β-Myrcene;

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Cis- β-Ocimene;

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Trans-β-Ocimene;

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6-Methyl-5-heptene-2-one;

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Citronellal;

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Linalol;

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β-Caryophyllene;

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Geranial;

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Geranyl acetate;

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Geraniol;

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Germacrene;

»

Caryophyllene oxide;

лечебни свойства на маточината

HEALING PROPERTIES OF LEMON BALM

The herb has its healing power fully thanks to its content:

Essential oil from citral, citronellol, myrcene, geraniol– substances, that have spasmolytic effect on indigestion and respiratory system;

Vitamin С, carotene, organic acids , flavonoids,that fight against free radicals in it , strengthen the immune system and have antioxidant effect.

Thanks to essential oil the lemon balm has specific sweet , fresh citrus fragrance.

Еssential oils

Essential oils , founded in the leaves content substances, called „terpenes“, for which is known that have strong antivirus and relaxing properties.

Таnnins

Таnnins,that also are consisted in the herb, have emphatic antibacterial and antivirus effect.

Еugenol

Аctive substance eugenol, which comfort muscle cramps and has painkiller effect.

Rosemary acid

It inhibits enzyme called GABA transaminase. GABA is one of neurotransmitters, which the brain uses ,to reach harmony and balance.